The narrative conventions are utilized within the English literature to provide a contextual flow in describing the associated events. The majority of the literary works like stories, novels, dramas, poetries, narratives, etc. are drafted using the tools of narrative conventions. The various tools of narrative conventions could be disintegrated right into a plethora of classifications.

The narrative conventions could be classified as primary narratives and secondary narratives. The primary narrative conventions make a comprehensive effect within the whole literature, and secondary narrative conventions impact only on some selected portion of the literature. It's upon the writing skill from the author, which determines where to use the primary and secondary tools of narrative conventions. We advise our readers to master all of the narrative conventions since it would help them in conveying more profound concepts while drafting the literature.

The use of narrative conventions is needed the writer in grabbing the attention from the reader throughout the presented literature since it helps your reader to visualise the narrated situation. In the discipline of English literature, narrative conventions will also be termed as literary devices.

Primary Narrative Conventions


1. Against the society

2. With self.

3. With another person

4. With the environment.


1. Destination setting.

2. Period setting


1. Core theme

2. Motifs

3. Symbol

Plot Development

1. Denouncement

2. Exposition

3. Falling Tension

4. Complication

5. Climax

Descriptive Language

1. Figurative Language

2. Imagery

3. Sensory Imagery


1. Antagonist

2. Protagonist


1. Interaction and relationships

2. Appearance

3. Thoughts

4. Behaviour

5. Dialogues

Point of View

1. First Person

2. Second Person

3. Third Person

By by using this tool of narrative communication, the conflicts between the comprised characters might be effectively displayed within the literature. Here are listed down some of the contexts where the tools of conflict narrative conventions might be implied.

Against the society
The context majorly signifies the instances where the main character attempts to struggle from the evil approaches of societal factors. The instances like corruption, crimes, moral misappropriation, etc. are taken majorly as the factor which in turn causes conflict with the character within the literature. It's the protagonist within the literature who frequently enters into a conflict with society. The tool would be much beneficial in the context when a character is forced to adhere to the moral framework laid down by society.

With Self
When the person experiences conflict with his own psychological process and it is under regular introspection, it from the narrative convention is easily the most appropriate someone to be implied. The context majorly signifies a scenario when the character is within a dilemma to select among good and bad choices. This tool helps the author in displaying emotional instances in an exceedingly effective way before the audience.

With another person
The context in cases like this could be majorly the conflict between your protagonist and antagonist. The author is required to display strong hatred between the two characters. The tools doubles in a subtle context like indirect conflicts between your characters. 

With the environment
The impact of natural calamities around the characters could be visualized by using this tool of narrative conventions. The conflict happens majorly because the characters aren't able to meet their targets because of the natural interferences. The significant types of its implication might be traced in ancient literature like Troy and Odysseus.

The tool of setting is important for the drafted literature because the whole context is built on its foundation. Variation in setting could even change the entire pitch from the storytelling. The tool of storytelling could be described as the backbone of the literature. All of the elements in the story are linked together by setting the narrative conventions.

Destination setting
The tool is used to indicate the place where the mentioned story develops. It's a very crucial tool in developing the foundation from the story. The destination might be signified with a country, city or even a small room.

Period setting
The period in which the described story happens is specified by using this tool of narrative conventions.

Core theme
 It's on the core theme from the literature the whole narration from the literature is based upon. The theme from the literature determines the whole tone and elegance of narration.

The elements with contextual prominence, which regularly emerges in the storyline belong to the course of motifs.

Any element in the literature which signifies any object, character, and place could be termed as a symbol. The writer could change the outlook during your reader by implying the tool of symbol narrative conventions. They play a substantial role in providing clarity to the theme of the selected literature.

Plot Development
The initial portion of the narrative could be classified under this division. It might be also referred to as the introduction of the drafted literature. The writer constitutes a good effort introducing the context, involved characters, contained settings, etc. in the section of the exposition. 

 The seriousness of the narration increases at the stage of exposition. The existence of various conflicts is introduced in the stage of complication. Your reader would get a mild understanding of the events which may happen later within this stage of narration. The stage of status quo gets disturbed among the characters in this stage.

A level is introduced in the third stage from the literature. It is in the climax section that the reader knows whether the answers are towards or against the intentions from the protagonist.

Falling Tension
The final results already are revealed by this stage. The strain between the antagonist and protagonist significantly decreases within this stage. Happens helps make the platform for that conclusion of the whole literature.

Denouncement is the final stage of literature and is often called a conclusion. The writer provides all the after-effects of the events narrated in the earlier section of the literature. It depends upon the way of writing from the author, which determines if the reader could get a satisfactory conclusion in the denouncement portion of the literature.

Descriptive language
The tools underneath the descriptive language are utilized by the writers to increase the engagement degree of the literature towards the readers. The writer attempts to match with the inclination and taste from the reader by implying the tools of descriptive language within the presented literature. The writer requires a opportunity to match his viewpoint with the thought of your reader by using descriptive language tools.

Figurative language
The tools which are accustomed to present hidden meaning rather than the literal meaning comes under the classification of figurative language. Using figurative language brings quality to the literature. It ensures the engagement of the reader with the presented literature since a considerable emphasis is required to understand the figurative language. The rich use of hyperbole, simile, personification, metaphor, etc. ought to be used by the writer to suggest the figurative language. 

The tool of imagery can be used through the writer to create a visual image of a specific scene prior to the audience. It's among the useful narrative conventions tools which come under the classification of descriptive language.

Sensory Imagery
 The author attempts to invoke the intelligence and feelings from the audience.

The terms accustomed to describe the characters mentioned within the storyline from the literature comes under the classification of characterization. It's the antagonist and the protagonist in the storyline that are commonly conducted for the characterization in the literature.

The negative character or the villain is regarded as an antagonist in the literature. The preferences and plan of action could be opposite to that particular of the protagonist. The whole storyline witnesses the skirmishes among the antagonist and the protagonist. The author attempts to produce a negative image of the antagonist prior to the audience to ensure that a concept of disgust regarding the character could be created among the audience.

It may be the protagonist who leads the storyline, and it is for this character the whole context involves. It is the activities and the decisions made by the protagonist that leads to the various advancements within the plot.

The writer needs to build a relation between the characters and also the audience. For this, the author uses the tool of characterization that may be further classified into: –

Direct Characterization

Indirect Characterization

The characters within the storyline are directly introduced by the writer prior to the readers.

The introduction from the characters prior to the audience is performed in a very subtle way, and also the audience needs to derive their perception over it.

Interaction and relationship
The personality and also the temperament from the character are based on analyzing the relations maintained with other characters within the storyline.

The appearance of the character could give a lot of details regarding their personality. The standards related to the appearances like body language, clothing, style of writing, etc. would provide a higher clarity concerning the background from the characters.

The insecurities, beliefs, perception, etc. of the character would provide a powerful image among the audience.

The behaviour of the character is every bit significant to understand the idea process retained by them. The common behaviour of the character reveals a great deal about the environment where the smoothness originates from.

The details like the environment in which the character was raised, native land, family background, etc. could be obtained by analyzing the dialogues.

Point of View
 The narration of the storyline could be made by the author from three different points of views, first-person, second-person, and third person.

The whole storyline is being narrated from the point of view from the protagonist within this approach. The first-person approach would let the writer to provide detailed information concerning the way of thinking, preferences, family background, etc. before the audience. However, the data supplied by this method can be a little biased towards the justifications of the protagonist. Using the first-person pronouns and the reflective explanation could be widely observed in this approach.

Second person
 The author assumes himself as the constant presence every time from the storyline. The partiality hence might be avoided by the author in this fashion of narration.

Third Person
 The approach is extremely much like those of the second person narration, however the narrator is omniscient in this instance. The narrator knows every character’s mental process and can provide a subjective justification from each perspective. The third-person pronouns like they, she, he, etc. might be widely observed in the third-person perspective.

Secondary narrative conventions
The style of authors might be based on a dark tone of narration in particular literature. The authors might take any tone according to their convenience. It could be peaceful, romantic, persuasive, etc. according to the context and character demands within the instance. The point of view of the present character within the plot would create an immense impact on a dark tone of the narration. Heavy variations in tone might be observed once the point of view of the narrator changes. Whereas the first person might make a dynamic tone in a particular instance, the 3rd person could be more neutral and calmer as the narration of the identical instance. The use of appropriate tone particularly scenes would grab the interest from the audience.

Character Development
 The engagement of the audience could simply be ensured when the development of the smoothness is done properly and systematically. The whole plot becomes lifeless in the absence of character development. There is no reason for including dull characters in a story play which demands lots of action and drama.

Readers often misinterpret mood with the tone from the literature. The atmosphere may be the psychological ambience which is provided to the audience with the narration. The atmosphere of the literary work might be controlled by the effective utilization of descriptive language tools like imagery.

 The art presented in front of the audience also holds its own innate voice like this the authors stay in themselves. The major theme, ideologies, messages, etc. conveyed to the audience via the literature might be termed as its voice. The entire point of presenting the literature goes in vain when the voice doesn’t get to the audience. The initial intention and the way of thinking of the author could be assessed by just analyzing the voice from the literature.

We have discussed both primary narrative conventions and the secondary narrative conventions in the following paragraphs. Whereas the evidence of the primary narrative conventions could be traced throughout the literature, using the secondary narrative conventions could simply be seen at limited places. We've tried our best to supply a valid discussion on the narrative convention. Hopefully you have found this article useful. Thank You.